Srinagar- A new survey on communication disorders has revealed shocking details about the mobile phone addiction among the people, mostly the younger generation of Jammu and Kashmir.
The door-to-door survey was conducted by the Health Parliament, the International Patients’ Union and the Delhi Branch of the Indian Speech & Hearing Association in Jammu and Kashmir and Delhi from May to June 2023.
In the twin regions of Jammu and Kashmir, over 6000 individuals from 1257 families were surveyed.
In Kashmir, 57.6% of the females and 42.4% of males were identified to have communication disorders, whereas, in Jammu, 66.4% of the male population and 33.6% of the female population were identified with communication disorders.
Notably, the survey revealed a prevalence rate of 3.05% for communication disorders in the Delhi-NCR area, 6.17% in Kashmir and 2.4% in Jammu.
The survey was conducted byprofessionals and student volunteers in the field of speech and hearing to identify individuals with communication disorders.
Among the specific communication disorders examined during the survey, language disorders were the most prevalent, accounting for 19.73% of cases. Fluency disorders followed closely, representing 13.46% of reported cases. Speech Sound disorders and voice disorders were also significant contributors, constituting 14.19% and 7.49% of cases, respectively. Ear and hearing issues were the most common communication disorders, with a substantial prevalence rate of 53.47%.
In addition to the primary communication disorders, the study also investigated less common conditions. Balance (vestibular disorders) and associated complaints were reported by 4.87% and 7.06% of participants, respectively. It is essential to acknowledge these less common disorders to ensure comprehensive diagnosis and appropriate support for affected individuals.
Furthermore, the study highlighted that 19.85% of participants reported experiencing multiple complaints related to communication disorders.
The study also revealed that ear and hearing issues were the most prevalent communication disorders.
“This finding emphasizes the importance of early screening and interventions for hearing problems to prevent potential communication difficulties and associated challenges,” reads the survey report.
It further says that while the prevalence rates of balance and vestibular disorders were lower, they still constitute a significant proportion of communication disorders.
“More research in this area is needed to better understand these conditions and provide appropriate support to affected individuals,” the report says.
“The study’s results have significant implications for healthcare professionals, policymakers, and researchers. Understanding the prevalence rates of different communication disorders helps in resource allocation and targeted interventions,” it adds.
In conclusion, the comprehensive study on communication disorders has shed light on the prevalence and distribution of various conditions affecting communication.
“The findings have important implications for improving diagnosis, treatment, and support for individuals with communication disorders. By raising awareness, fostering inclusive practices, and promoting collaborative efforts, we can create a more empathetic and supportive environment for those affected by communication disorders, ultimately enhancing their quality of life and participation in society,” the report adds.
Dr Rajendra Pratap Gupta, founder of the Health Parliament and the International Patients’ Union has emphasized that ‘Speech and Hearing Disorders’ may be widely prevalent and will increase further due to extensive use of technological gadgets in this digital era and hence, we need to do an estimation of the prevalence through primary research.
“The study’s focus has been on comprehending the prevalence of speech, language, hearing & balance, swallowing and communication impairments. Across Delhi NCR, this study covered 53,801 individuals from 10,228 families, and 5658 individuals in Jammu & Kashmir, from 1257 families. This study has yielded invaluable insights into the conditions prevailing in these regions,” he said, while formally presenting the survey report during the conference hosted at the Constitution Club of India on Sunday.
He said that the findings are truly startling and signal the need for a comprehensive ‘Holistic 1000 Days’ approach, surpassing the limitations of just a mere 1000 days.
“A piecemeal strategy won’t suffice. I am confident that this survey will act as a wake-up call for all stakeholders and ignite meaningful discussions for appropriate action. As we strive to transform India into a healthier nation over the next 25 years, we cannot afford to disregard this segment of the population. Their well-being is integral to our aspirations,” Dr Gupta said.
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