On the basis of initial cost of pavement the Concrete Roads are reported to be around 15 to 16 % costlier than the Bituminous Roads. However, on life cycle cost basis, the cement concrete roads due to their long life of 35 to 40 years and better durability are estimated to be around 25-30% cheaper when compared with Bitumen roads.
There are all the indications that Kashmir is once again set to become a pawn in the geo-political game: this time at a regional level with China and India’s rise adding a far larger dimension to the lingering issue.
In terms of its tax payments, people of J&K are therefore paying proportionally better than economically most vibrant states of India. This is despite J&K falling in the bottom 20 percentile states in terms of the per capita income
Indian Americans’ policy views are more liberal on issues affecting the United States and more conservative on issues affecting India. Regarding contentious issues such as the equal protection for religious minorities, immigration, and affirmative action, Indian Americans uphold relatively more conservative views of Indian policies than of US policies
At a time when India is leapfrogging into the Fourth Industrial Revolution, how can authorities at helm in J&K Government not even make the official websites of the Government updated on a regular basis?
At present, Russia is experiencing what it experienced in the 1990s and the early 2000s – a struggle for a more effective government, more accountability, transparency over public spending, and most of all, the ability to change the government through elections, and Putin’s gambit to remain in power indefinitely has added fuel to the public dissent
Measuring from a wider time frame i.e. from 1996 till 2019, JK’s per capita income has grown at an average of around 3.38% compared to an impressive all India average of 5.41%. Which implies that in real terms (adjusted for inflation), nationally the income is doubled every 13.30 years, while in case of J&K it takes around 21.30 years for the same.
Vaccine hoarding will only dampen the prospects of eliminating the virus. Heightened levels of globalisation mandate that countries cooperate for any strategy to succeed. While vaccines are offering some respite but the absence of a global strategy and the preoccupation with Vaccine Nationalism are great obstacles.
There are signs that the next phase of the US-India relations will be based more on substance and less on rhetoric as India now is able to offer much more to the US, both in military, security, trade and technological terms.
It can’t be ‘my ideology good, your ideology bad’, just as in George Orwell’s Animal Farm, the sheep with their herd mentality say, ‘four legs good, two legs bad’. Orwell purposely gives this line to the sheep that blindly follow.