India’s first indigenous combat plan enters service after 33 years

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NEW DELHI: India’s first locally-built combat aircraft officially took to the skies on Friday, 33 years after it was cleared for development, marking a long-held goal of cutting expensive imports to build a domestic defence-in­dustrial base. 

India’s fighter aircraft fleet, made up of a mix of Russian, British and French planes, is down to 33 squad­rons as against the air force’s requirement of 45 to face Paki­stan and China. 

Prime Minister Nar­endra Modi’s government has nudged the military to accept the first version of the “Tejas” Light Combat Aircraft to make up for the shortfall while a more pow­erful subsequent model is under development. 

Indian Air Force officers broke coconuts and priests held multi-faith ceremonies to mark the induction of two planes in the southern city of Bengaluru. Later, the air­craft took off in the colours of the air force as fire tenders sprayed water on he tarmac in a military ritual. 

“Moment of national pride. Indigenously developed Tejas fighter jet inducted into Air Force. Tejas will take our air strength to new heights,” Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar, who has led the drive for indigenisation, said in a Twitter post. 

Early this month China said it is still testing its first stealth fighter, the J-20, but it would enter service soon. 

The single-seat Indian fighter is considered superior to counterparts like the JF-17 aircraft jointly built by China and Pakistan. 

Tejas has had no acci­dent in 3,000 hours of fly­ing and its use of compos­ites helps lower its radar signature, making it hard­er to detect early, air force officials said. 

“The LCA is as good as any in the world in its class,” said retired Air Vice Marshal Man­mohan Bahadur now a fellow at the Centre for Air Power Studies in New Delhi. 

But the challenge for state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), which is mak­ing the aircraft, will be to stick to the production schedule as the air force seeks to arrest the decline in the number of planes it can deploy, he said. 

HAL only has the capacity to produce four Tejas planes a year, a government-appointed audit committee said in a re­port last year. 

The plan is to increase production capacity to eight, a defence ministry official said on Friday. 

India is separately negoti­ating for the purchase of 36 top end Rafale fighter planes from France’s Dassault Aviation, a scaled-back deal that has been hanging fire since 2012. 

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