Obituary: Rahul Bajaj, Man Who Called Spade a Spade

Rahul Bajaj (1938-2022)

'Hamara Bajaj' was the iconic jingle that resonated with aspirations of the middle class in a pre-liberalised India. And the man behind that brand was one of the biggest and brave industrialists - Rahul Bajaj.

Straightforward and outspoken, Bajaj not just had the guts to create a two and three-wheeler brand during permit raj but also had the courage that few industrialists of the present day could talk of.

Bajaj, 83, who was the Chairman Emeritus of the Bajaj Group when he breathed his last on Saturday, was starkly different from his usually diplomatic peers, with his ability to call a spade a spade, even if it meant ruffling feathers in the government or even confronting his own son.

And this was perhaps what made him in late November 2019 ask a group of ministers, including Home Minister Amit Shah, a few pointed questions about mob lynching, Pragya Thakur and the government's 'stifling of criticism'.

Born in Calcutta on June 10, 1938, his grandfather Jamnalal Bajaj founded the Bajaj Group in 1926. A graduate from the St Stephen's College in Delhi and an MBA from Harvard Business School in the US, Rahul started off as deputy general manager as part of his father Kamalnayan Bajaj's team and went on to become the CEO in 1968 at the age of 30.

After taking charge, Rahul Bajaj led the group to a growth path, diversifying it into general and life insurance, investment and consumer finance, home appliances, electric lamps, wind energy, special alloy and stainless steel, material handling equipment and travel.

He steered the diversified entity during India's transition from a closed economy to a liberalised one and drove the company to expand its product portfolio with the Bajaj brand finding foothold in global markets while warding off emerging competition from Japanese motorcycle makers that challenged the Bajaj Auto's scooters in the late 1990s.

Under his stewardship, Bajaj Auto, the group's flagship company, saw its turnover grow to Rs 12,000 crore from just Rs 7.2 crore with the firm's scooters becoming the mainstay.

He later split Bajaj Auto into three units in 2008 -- Bajaj Auto, Bajaj Finserv and a holding company. Rahul Bajaj's sons Rajiv Bajaj and Sanjiv Bajaj are now managing the auto and finance companies, respectively.

The company's Bajaj Chetak scooter became an aspirational symbol for the middle class Indian families then, with the 'Hamara Bajaj' tune becoming synonymous with their hopes of a better future, and the picture of a strong nation.

In 2005, he had started passing the baton of the company to son Rajiv Bajaj, who became the managing director of Bajaj Auto and led the company to become a truly global automobile player.

However, when Rajiv decided to do away with scooters and shift Bajaj Auto's focus on motorcycles in 2009, the senior Bajaj did not hide his disappointment, publicly saying "I feel bad, I feel hurt". Although, Rajiv opined that solutions should come more from logic than emotions.

Similarly, his outspokenness came to the fore in November 2019, at an event organised by the Economic Times in Mumbai, where Home Minister Amit Shah, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, and Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal were present, when the veteran industrialist spoke about the government's 'stifling of criticism', among other things.

"This environment of fear, it's definitely on our minds. You (the government) are doing good work; and despite that, we don't have the confidence that you'll appreciate criticism," he had said.

One of the most successful business leaders of India, Bajaj was elected to Rajya Sabha in June 2006 and remained a member till 2010.

He was recipient of many awards, including the Padma Bhushan and honorary doctorates from many universities. His leadership role in the industry and his guidance was always looked up to. Till date, he remains the only person to be industry chamber CII's president for two terms -- 1979-80 and 1999-2000.

He also held many other positions, including the chairman of Indian Airlines and the chairman of the board of governors of the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay.

He was also a former chairman of the International Business Council, World Economic Forum and a former member of the South Asia advisory board of Harvard Business School.

Besides, he was a former member of the International Advisory Council of the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC. The industrialist also spearheaded the CSR activities of the Bajaj Group of companies and charitable trusts including Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation.

During the 1980s and 1990s, Bajaj two-wheelers, especially Bajaj Chetak was a common sight on most Indian roads. It was the most used mode for daily commutes of middle class and even for romantic spin by young couples.

It was in 1989 that the 'Hamara Bajaj' jingle was used to advertise the automobile and the same instantly captured the imagination of pre-cable tv Indian minds, attaining iconic status.

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