THE advancement of women and the achievement of equality between women and men is a matter of human rights and should not be viewed in isolation as a women’s issue for social justice. They are the only way to create a sustainable, just, and developed society. However, persistent patriarchal mentality and prejudice against gender equality will lead to poor recognition of women’s rights; As it has been behind.
Regarding the deep-seated bias and poor recognition of women’s rights in India, the Economic Survey 2018 noted that the desire for a male child has given birth to 21 million “unwanted” girls between 0 and 25 years old in India. According to the latest health index released by the NITI Aayog, India’s sex ratio at birth has declined in 17 of the 21 large states. This indicates a failure in the country’s ability to curb female selective abortions after illegal sex disclosure.
As recently as March 2020, there were cases of infanticide in Usilampatti, Tamil Nadu.The deeply ingrained bias ironically suggests that it exists against genuine equality between both men and women. According to PISA test data, the notion that “boys are better at math” is unfounded. Yet this belief still exists. Crimes against women increased from 3,793 per million in 2016 to 3,886 per million in 2017, according to the NCRB report. Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 56,011 cases followed by Maharashtra.
In the corporate world, women still earn an average of 79 percent of men, who hold only 5 percent of the Fortune 500 CEO positions and represent an average of 17 percent of global board positions. Women lack access to informal networks that provide opportunities to work in high-profile projects, including attending conferences abroad or job opportunities. Early marriage, with or without the consent of the girl, is a form of violence, as it impairs the health and autonomy of millions of girls.
It is important to develop and implement policies that promote gender equality by creating and enforcing laws to protect women, as well as marriage, divorce and custody laws, inheritance laws, and the elimination of discrimination against women in property ownership. For financial freedom, improving access to paid employment to women and ensuring equal pay for equal work is extremely important.
However, women-centric development plans have been made due to gender-based budgets. The plan for safe cities to improve crime monitoring data collection system on violence against women and use of Nirbhaya Fund for better protection of women. Capacity building and training of service providers and law enforcement officers to handle cases of violence against women is of utmost importance at the nationwide level for women’s safety.
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