Pheran: The Unique Dress-Code Of Kashmir

PHERAN is one of the famous cultural outfits  of Kashmir. It consists of two gowns, one over the other, which extends below the knees with or without side silt. Women love to wear the Tilla Pheran. The craft of embroidery is the most celebrated art of Kashmir which is known as Tilla Dozi, however the art is dying with time.

The Pheran was introduced by Mughal Emperor Akbar. It reflects the historical culture, as they have not made any drastic change in the garment. If a person from the 16th century wakes up, he would definitely identify pheran as something that belongs to their era.

During the winter season everyone loves to wear Pheran because it protects us from cold.  Kangiri (fire pot), filled with coal is carried under the pheran. Coal is used for a lasting, which provides warmth for a long time. Pheran and kangiri represent the rich culture of Kashmir.

Pherans that men wear are quite simple but women Pheran are designed with Tilla dozi. Tilla embroidered Pheran constitutes a unique part of vardan ( parent's gift) at the  wedlock time  of daughters in Kashmir.

Tille Dozi an embroidery work, constitutes gold or silver   threads and threads  are delicately tied by needle point over the fabric to create lovely designs. Whole process of Tilla dozi needs skill, patience and accuracy. The artisans are not given appropriate wages for their work , which is the main  reason  behind the decline of kshmiri art and machine made embroidery is also ruining the Kashmiri Tilla Handicraft.

Salma Farooq

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