THE summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, Srinagar is located at an altitude of 1592 meters perceived to have a clean environment because of high altitude destinations. But as per the Pune based Indian Institute of Technical Meteorology (IITM) is surprising. The study revealed that the pollution in Srinagar hits dangerous levels.
In the meantime, when forests of Kashmir face the axe and the government looks to demarcate land for industries by inviting investors from the other states of India in a wake of scrapping of semi autonomous status of Jammu and Kashmir. According to official reports nearly 15000 acres of land identified in Kashmir. The government has started a campaign to bring J&K on the industrial map of the country.
Indeed, the industries could boost the economy, provide employment and strengthen the goodwill of the valley but would be at the cost of our environment. Most of the existing industries here in the valley are using coal and kerosene oil on their daily operation. Less availability of hydroelectricity forced them to adopt conventional fuels. During the six month winter period, Hydro power plants generate minimum power supply because the rivers freeze and there is a sharp decline in flow of water.
Research conducted by Kashmir university found that the pollution level always touches the sky during winter because people make use of conventional energy sources as an alternative to state run power supply. The study also revealed that the emission from the vehicular combustion is 220 to 250 tonnes per year which accounts for 15-20 percent of the annual emission.
Meanwhile, the government is yet to clarify where these industries will get power supply from. But if they want their smooth functioning without degradation of the environment of the valley, then it is very important to utilize other sources of energy.
The world is now adopting solar energy systems to preserve natural resources. From vehicles to offices, solar energy is being utilized everywhere now. It is time to adopt the convenient sources of energy to minimise the harm in our environment.
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