The reservation system in India is a system that provides benefits to historically disadvantaged castes and tribes listed as schedule tribes, schedule castes, OBC’s (Other Backward Classes); people living in residentially backward areas, which are also economically backwards. In India it consists of various measures, such as reserving seats in the parliament, for various government jobs and reserving seats in educational institutes. Reservations are a reprisal for communities that have faced inequality and discrimination and are still affected by its history to promise them constitutional equality.
Recently, a new category was introduced by the Central Government of India as the EWS (Economically Weaker Sections) Reservation. 10% quota is provided for the EWS among the General Category for government jobs and in educational institutions. The new quota act will change the seat-share accessible to people.
Anybody who does not fall under EWS criteria will now have 10% fewer seats to target. For example, OBCs who could earlier target 77.5% seats (27% reserved and 50.5% general merit) will now see their competitive pool coming down to 67.5% (27% reserved and 40.5% general merit). If you are from SC category, earlier you had access to 65.50% seats, but now it is only 55.50%. The pool of ST shrank from 58% to 48%. And most importantly, the merit quota decreased from 50.50% earlier to 40.50%. Now, about 60% of the seats are excluded from the general merit category. They cant compete for these seats as they are reserved. Everybody except the EWS category lost 10% seats.
Furthermore, it’s good news for the economically weaker sections of residents in Jammu and Kashmir who belong to the general category as they can now avail the benefits of this provision at national level exams such as NEET and IAS. In case of other categories, though their respective reservation quotas are untouched, the effective seats that can be targeted will come down.
CRITERIA FOR ELIGIBILITY:
1. Persons who are not covered under the reservations for SCs, STs and OBCs and whose families have a gross annual income of below ?8 lakh are to be identified as part of the EWS. Income shall also include income from all sources i.e. salary, agriculture, business, profession, etc. for the financial year prior to the year of application. Also, persons whose family owns or possesses any of the following assets shall be excluded from being identified in the EWS, irrespective of their family income:-
a. 5 acres of agricultural land and above.
b. Residential plot of 1000 sq ft. and above.
c. Residential plot of 100 sq. yards and above in notified municipalities.
d. Residential, plot of 200 sq. yards and above in areas other than the notified municipalities.
2. The property held by a family in different locations or different places/cities would be clubbed while applying the land or property holding test to determine EWS status.
3. The term family for this purpose will include the person who seeks benefits of reservation, his/her parents and siblings below the age of 18 years and also his/her spouse and children below the age of 18 years.
INCOME AND ASSET CERTIFICATE ISSUING AUTHORITY AND VERIFICATION OF CERTIFICATE:
The benefits of reservation under the EWS can be availed upon production of an Income and Asset Certificate issued by a competent quthority. The Income and Asset Certificate issued by any one of the following authorities shall only be accepted as proof of the candidate’s claim as belonging to the EWS: –
1. District Magistrate/Additional District Magistrate/ Collector/ Deputy Commissioner/Additional’ Deputy Commissioner/ 1st Class Stipendiary Magistrate/ Sub-Divisional Magistrate/Taluka Magistrate/Executive Magistrate/ Extra Assistant Commissioner.
2. Chief Presidency Magistrate/Additional Chief Presidency Magistrate/Presidency Magistrate.
3. Revenue Officer not below the rank of Tehsildar.
4. Sub-Divisional Officer of the area where the candidate and/or his family normally resides.
Hence, its obviously good news for the candidates who dont fall under any of the previous categories and are in need of financial help.———