Srinagar: The Pakistan presidential elections on Tuesday is a three-way fight between the ruling Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf, Pakistan Peoples Party and the joint Opposition candidate.
Outgoing President Mamnoon Hussains tenure ends on September 8 and he has declined for re-election to a second 5-year term.
While PTIs presidential candidate Dr Arif Alvi is expected to sail through in the elections, the other contenders are PPPs Aitzaz Ahsan and joint opposition nominee Maulana Fazlur Rehman.
Dr Arif Alvi is the nominee of the ruling coalition led by PTI for the presidential post.
Alvis career in politics spans over five decades and began with his role in student politics as a president of the student union at deMontmorency College of Dentistry in Lahore.
He was part of the student movement of 1969 during Gen Ayub Khans military regime and, as his party men say, was among those who fought for democracy in the country.
During one of the protests on The Mall in Lahore, according to PTI activists, he was shot and wounded and still proudly carries a bullet embedded in his right arm as a mark of his struggle for democracy in Pakistan.
A dentist by profession, Dr Alvi is among the founding members of the PTI. He had contested for Sindh Assembly seats in the general elections of 1997 and 2002, but remained unsuccessful.
Dr Alvi is regarded as one of the authors of the PTIs constitution. He was part of the PTIs central executive council for a year since 1996 and then he was appointed the partys president in Sindh in 1997.
In 2001, he was promoted to the post of vice president and then became the partys secretary general in 2006, a post he held until 2013.
He won from NA-250 constituency of Karachi in the 2013 elections.
In the July 25, 2018 general elections, he was elected to the National Assembly from Karachi's NA-247 after bagging 91,020 votes. In comparison, his rival, Syed Zaman Ali Jaffrey of the Tehreek-i-Labbaik Pakistan, managed only 24,680 votes.
Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam (Fazl) chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman emerged as one of the two opposition nominees for the presidential polls after the grand opposition alliance formed after the July 25 general elections crumbled within a month, with its component parties failing to reach a consensus on a joint candidate despite several huddles.
The JUI-F chief, who had been playing the role of a mediator between the PML-N and the PPP, has the backing of all component parties of the now-defunct Pakistan Alliance for Free and Fair Elections (PAFFE), whereas the PPP is now facing isolation.
Besides the Muttahida Majlis-i-Amal and the PML-N, 65-year-old Rehman, who had faced defeat in two constituencies in the July 25 general elections, is also being supported by the Awami National Party, Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party and National Party.
Rehman is one of most complex and exciting figures of Pakistani politics.
He assumed the office of the Secretary General of Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam in 1980, at the mere age of 27, following the death of his father, Maulana Mufti Mahmud.
The young leader was able to outfox all the maulanas of the Deoband school and has been heading JUI-F, the largest faction of the party, without any challenge since the late 1980s.
Since the 1990s, as other major religious parties watched their fortunes dwindle, Fazl was able to weather hostile conditions through unlikely alliances with successive ruling parties, allowing him to sustain patronage networks in his areas of influence.
The Musharraf era saw Fazl at the peak of his power, proven by his status as leader of the opposition between 2004-2008 and the chief minister in the MMA-led KP government being a legislator from his party.
Today, the PTI has emerged as a serious threat to the JUI-F. Imran Khan has been able to lure many young voters out from under JUI-Fs influence and into the PTI.
If Fazl loses the presidential election, we will see the maulana out of power after a long time.
Former senator, lawyer and human rights activist Aitzaz Ahsan has been fielded by the PPP for the presidential election. The party stuck with Ahsan's name despite desperate appeals by other opposition parties to convince co-chairman Asif Ali Zardari to withdraw the barrister's name in favour of a joint opposition nominee, Fazlur Rehman.
Born in Murree, British India, Ahsan was first elected to the Punjab Assembly in 1972 from PP-28 Gujrat. He went on to be appointed Punjab information, planning and development minister during the PPP government in the 70s.
He left PPP in 1977 over allegations of rigging in general elections and later joined Tehreek-i-Istaqlal of Asghar Khan.
He remained an active member of the Movement of Restoration of Democracy against Ziaul Haqs martial law, due to which he was jailed multiple times.
Ahsan re-joined PPP in 1988 before the formation of Benazir Bhuttos first government and was elected as an MNA. He served as the law minister and interior minister until 1990.
Ahsan was elected to Senate in 1994, and served as Leader of the House and Leader of the Opposition until his tenure expired in 1999.
In 2002, he contested the election from NA-124 Lahore and NA-187 Bahawalpur constituencies and succeeded in both contests. He later retained the Lahore seat.
Ahsan was actively involved in the 2007 lawyers movement and supported former chief justice Iftikhar Chaudhry.
His membership of PPP's central executive committee was cancelled in 2009 over charges of criticising party leadership and taking part in rallies and holding marches in violation of the partys policy.
He was elected to the Senate on a technocrat seat representing PPP in 2012. He served as Leader of the Opposition until his tenure expired in March 2018.
Ahsan is a senior Supreme Court advocate and has legally defended three prime ministers of Pakistan.
How is Pakistans President elected
Pakistans President is elected indirectly through an electoral college, comprising the Senate, National Assembly and the four provincial assemblies Balochistan, Sindh, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Every member of the National Assembly has one vote while the four provincial assemblies are assigned an equal weight with the smallest, the Balochistan Assembly, serving as the base.
The Balochistan Assembly has 65 members, while the strength of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly is 124. Thus, the vote of a member of the KP assembly has half the value of the vote of a member of the Balochistan Assembly. In other words, each provincial assembly has a maximum of 65 votes in the college and after adding the National Assembly (342) and Senate (104) members, the total size of the electoral college comes out to 706.
However, 27 seats in all the Houses are vacant and elections are scheduled after the presidential polls. Thus, the electoral college for presidential elections currently stands at 679 and a majority in a two-candidate race requires 341 votes.
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