With 117 Seats, PTI Needs Coalition To Form Govt
ISLAMABAD Pakistans Election Commission on Friday declared former cricket star Imran Khans party the winner of Pakistans historic third consecutive election of a civilian government, but he didnt win an outright majority and must form a coalition.
After two days of tediously slow vote counting, Khans Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party won 117 of 269 seats in the National Assembly with his nearest rival, Shahbaz Sharifs Pakistan Muslim League, winning 64 seats. Sharif, who heads the party of jailed ex-prime minister Nawaz Sharif, earlier rejected the results charging widespread fraud and manipulation.
Election officials said there was a 52 percent voter turnout, down slightly from the 2013 turnout of 54.8 percent.
A European Union monitoring team on Friday gave a passing grade to election day polling in Pakistan.
Over all the election results are credible, said Michael Gahler, EU team leader.
But it gave a failing grade to the pre-polling campaigning marred by intimidation of the media and unfair targeting of the former ruling party, which it said overshadowed the successes.
Our overall assessment of the election process is that it is not as good as in 2013, he said.
In Pakistan, where a British-modeled parliamentary system is in place, voters on Wednesday elected lawmakers to both its National Assembly and its four provincial Parliaments.
Fawad Chaudhry, spokesman for Mr. Khans party, said efforts were already underway to form a coalition, looking to both independents and allies, but the process is likely to take several days. Still, on Thursday the 65-year-old Khan made his first speech to the nation declaring his party victorious based on projections.
Today in front of you, in front of the people of Pakistan, I pledge I will run Pakistan in such a way as it has never before been run, Mr. Khan said, vowing to wipe out corruption, strengthen institutions he called dysfunctional and regain national pride by developing international relationships based on respect and equality.
But there is a long way to go before Pakistans national and provincial governments are in place and Mr. Khan can set out on his agenda.
Third place in the National Assembly went to the left-of-center Pakistan Peoples party with 39 seats. Results from 20 seats were still being counted Friday but they will not change the outcome. Pakistans National Assembly has 342 seats but only 272 are directly elected by voters. In Wednesdays election three seats were uncontested because one candidate died, another was disqualified and a third was declared. The remainder of the parliament goes to seats reserved for women and minorities.
A mix of smaller parties and independent candidates whom Mr. Khan will have to woo to form a coalition won the remainder of seats in Pakistans National Assembly. The Election Commission said vote counting was also still underway in 20 remote areas of the country, offering the long-time politician a possibility of more seats but not an outright majority.
Adding confusion to chaos, Sharif, who has rejected the election results won the majority of seats in Pakistans most powerful Punjab province. His party won 127 of the 297-seat provincial parliament, while Mr. Khans PTI took 117 seats, giving neither an outright majority and forcing both to try to form a coalition government. The Punjab parliament is significant because Punjab is Pakistans largest province, with 60 % of the countrys 200 million people. If Mr. Khan wants to implement his sweeping reform agenda his party needs to control the Punjab Parliament.
Khans party won a sweeping majority in the conservative Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province, while the Pakistan Peoples Party, led by Bilawal Bhutto, the son of slain ex-prime minister Benazir Bhutto, won the most seats in southern Sindhs provincial legislature. Pakistans largest city of Karachi and the countrys financial hub is the provincial capital of Sindh.
The restive Baluchistan province beset by militant violence was won by a mix of small parties who will have to form a coalition to rule.
There will likely be days of negotiation before the makeup of Pakistans National Assembly and four provincial parliaments are clear and the maneuvering will be watched closely by Pakistans neighbors as well as regional powers such as China, Russia and the U.S.
Khan in his speech on Thursday revealed a clarity of vision for Pakistans future international relationships.
While he appeared casual and conciliatory, his words were laced with passion. He said the United States treats Pakistan like a mercenary, giving it billions of dollars to fight the war on terrorism in a region beset with militant extremists.
Unfortunately, so far our relations were one-sided. America thinks that it gives Pakistan money to fight for them. Because of this Pakistan suffered a lot, said Khan, who has been critical of the U.S.-led conflict in neighboring Afghanistan.
Seeking good relations with his neighbors, Mr. Khan addressed Pakistans rival, neighboring India. The two nuclear powers have had a long-running conflict over the disputed region of Kashmir.
Take one step toward us and we will take two steps toward you, he said in a peace offering while still decrying widespread human rights abuses in Kashmir.
Khan also advocated an open border policy with Afghanistan, even suggesting the two countries embrace a European Union type relationship. The plan seems unlikely, with Pakistans military already building hundreds of border outposts and an accompanying fence along its western frontier with Afghanistan despite often-violent opposition from Kabul.
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