Lee Kuan Yew, one of the greatest and tallest leaders that Asia produced- postulated and articulated the theme and idea of Asian values. Asian values- commitment to family, society , broadly speaking- were in contradistinction to Western values- individualism and the nature of social organization accruing from these. It was held that Asia corresponded and gyrated to a certain set of values that could come under the broad rubric of these values and then could therefore postulate and present a challenge to dominant and aggressive Western values. While the postulate and idea of Asian values did not gain much traction, but , in these times of transition and growing polarization across the world, can the idea of Asian values be revived and resuscitated?
Reviving Asian values might be a useful contrapuntal to dominant narratives being trotted out especially in the post colonial world. One major point of departure worth restating about the aggressive pursuit of values is the Second Gulf War- ostensibly waged in the pursuit of western values like democracy and freedom in the Middle East. It is clichéd to state what this aggressive pursuit has led to. There then must be a counter narrative to the dominant narrative if for nothing but to present a robust challenge to power induced hubris and arrogance.
Asian values were critiqued for being too broad and generic for a place as diverse as Asia but in retrospect and in placing these values into perspective, this critique does not hold water. Consider the West. The West is not monolithic. Yes, there is a certain value framework that undergirds the West but the west too is defined by diversity-politically, economically and to an extent, culturally. Scandinavia, for instance, or Western Europe, is very different from the United States. So if difference undergirds the West but yet it propounds Western values, why cannot be the same for Asia?
This is not a rhetorical question. It is real and has practical connotations.
Asian values can be reified and present coherently.
The question is how?
The answer is multi pronged and has cultural, ideational and politico-institutional implications.
Asia needs thought leadership. This thought leadership must be provided by the cultural and intellectual elite of Asia essentially to arrive at a consensus on the nature of Asian values. Once there is a consensus around the idea of Asian values, a political and institutional framework needs to be developed around these values to reify these. There are abundant precedents in crystallizing these paradigms into a politico- institutional framework. More importantly, there can be receptivity to these values by the peoples constituting the Asian framework. We, Asians, generally speaking, may have a common outlook and a world view towards the world and society , at large. Family and family values, for instance, are one common theme that undergirds much of Asia. More importantly, we, Asians, think with the heart, so to speak. If there is a distillation of my experiences and education till now and if something insightful can be culled from these, it is that a good heart is better than a good mind. This is not to demean or underplay reason but only to emphasize the humanness that emanates from a good heart. This, despite the false consciousness that prevails across Asia, is thematic and is an value intrinsic good.
Asia- derided as a location or perhaps more accurately an abstraction defined by historical rivalries and diversity- needs coherence. It is not difficult to find this coherence. What is needed is political will and imagination. We are a fine people and what defines us is the primacy of the heart over the head, which is not a bad thing. In fact, given the anomie and apathy other systems of thought and social organization lead and have led to, may even constitute an asset. But what we need to super impose upon the heart is what I would call aggressive reasonable-ness in a non chauvinistic manner. History has not ended. It is very much in the process of being made. Lee Kuan Yew was not only a great leader but also a prescient, sagacious statesman. Let us take recourse to revivalism along the lines adumbrated by the great leader and let us insert Asia into the sinews of history and in the process make history.
Be Part of Quality Journalism
Quality journalism takes a lot of time, money and hard work to produce and despite all the hardships we still do it. Our reporters and editors are working overtime in Kashmir and beyond to cover what you care about, break big stories, and expose injustices that can change lives. Today more people are reading Kashmir Observer than ever, but only a handful are paying while advertising revenues are falling fast.