NEW DELHI: Facebook chief executive and founder Mark Zuckerberg said Wednesday he believes India will be crucial to getting the next billion online and helping to alleviate poverty.
Speaking to about 900 students at New Delhis Indian Institute of Technology, Zuckerberg said broadening Internet access was vital to economic development in a country where a billion people are still not online.
If you really have a mission of connecting every person in the world you cant do that without connecting people in India, Zuckerberg, dressed in a grey T-shirt and dark jeans, told the audience.
We have the second biggest community in India and we want the next billion to come online, he said, adding that Internet access helps create jobs and lift people out of poverty.
India is Facebooks second biggest market after the United States, with about 130 million of its 1.5 billion worldwide users, making it critically important for the site which is banned in China.
The 31-year-old billionaire gave lighthearted answers to questions including Why do I get so many requests for (online game) Candy Crush? and If you could have a supernatural power what would you wish for?
But he also vigorously defended Facebooks controversial Internet.org project, which provides free access to the Internet, mainly in poor rural communities, in 24 countries including India.
Critics of Internet.org say it violates net neutrality the principle that companies providing Internet access should not favour some sites or restrict access to others.
We have a moral responsibility to look out for people who do not have the Internet and make sure the rules dont get twisted to hurt people who dont have a voice, Zuckerberg said, adding that the programme had brought a million Indians online.
Facebook is also exploring new ways to increase access in hard-to-reach areas, he said, such as solar-powered planes to beam down connectivity and data-light apps that work on slow 2G networks.
Zuckerbergs trip came after a weekend visit to Tsinghua university in Beijing where he delivered a 20-minute speech in Mandarin, a language he has been studying since 2010.
He met Indias tech-savvy Prime Minister Narendra Modi last month when the premier toured Facebook on a visit to Silicon Valley, advocating the political power of social media.
During his visit, Zuckerberg also visited theTaj Mahal in Agra which he called even more stunning than he had expected.
Im in India for our Townhall Q&A tomorrow, and I decided to visit the Taj Mahal. Ive always wanted to see this, Zuckerberg said in hisFacebook post.
Taj Mahal which has stunned many world-renowned celebrities and world figures did not fail to impress the founder of Facebook. He even mused about what people can be moved to build when in love. It is even more stunning than I expected. Its incredible what people can build and what love can motivate us to build, he added.
The mausoleum was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for his deceased wife Mumtaz Mahal in the 1600s and is one of the greatest examples the world has of enduring love.
Within 40 minutes of posting a picture of himself seated looking at the white marble building, the post had received close to 150,000 likes and 5,000 comments.
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