BEIRUT: Islamic State rebels (ISIS) severely damaged the Bel temple in the historic Syrian city of Palmyra, considered one of the greatest sites of the ancient world, in a massive explosion on Sunday, activists said.
The 2,000-year-old temple was part of the remains of the ancient caravan city of Palmyra in central Syria, seized by ISIS in May.
The news of the latest destruction at Palmyra came just days after ISIS released images purportedly showing militants blowing up another Palmyra temple, the 2,000-year-old Baalshamin dedicated to the Phoenician god of storms and fertilizing rains.
UNESCO, which has designated Palmyra as a world heritage site, called the destruction of the Baalshamin temple a war crime.
Earlier this month, relatives and witnesses said that ISIS militants had beheaded Khaled al-Asaad, an 81-year-old antiquities scholar who devoted his life to understanding Palmyra.
The ISIS, which has imposed a violent interpretation of Islamic law across its self-declared “caliphate” straddling Syria and Iraq, says such ancient relics promote idolatry.
It already has blown up several sites in neighbouring Iraq, and it is also believed to be selling looted antiquities.
A Palmyra resident, who goes by the name of Nasser al-Thaer, said ISIS jihadists set off a huge blast at 1.45pm on Sunday.
“It is total destruction,” he said of the scene of the explosion. “The bricks and columns are on the ground,” he said. “It was an explosion the deaf would hear,” he added.
The resident said only the outer wall surrounding the temple remains.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which has a network of activists in Syria, said the temple was damaged. It did not provide details.
The temple, consecrated to the Semitic god Bel, had been well-preserved and was a source of much pride for Syrians. It was consecrated in AD 32.
It stood out among the ruins not far from the colonnades of Palmyra, which is affectionately known by Syrians as the “Bride of the Desert.”
Earlier on Sunday, ISIS extremists pushed into a large district in southern Damascus, clashing with rival militants just a few kilometres from the centre of the Syrian capital.
More than two dozen militants were killed in the clashes on the edges of the Qadam neighbourhood, said the observatory.
ISIS supporters posted propaganda pictures claiming to show ISIS fighters advancing in the narrow streets of Qadam.
ISIS has emerged as one of the most powerful forces in the battle to overthrow Syrian President Bashar Assad. Armed Islamic factions fighting forces loyal to Assad control parts of Damascus and large parts of the city’s suburbs. ISIS controls large parts of the Palestinian refugee camp of Yarmouk, east of Qadam. Agencies
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