Over the years, our environment has been facing a severe threat. The rivers are polluted with undesirable chemicals and toxicants, underground water is being depleted and getting polluted. Forests are being lost at an alarming rate resulting in environmental degradation. A balance in oxygen and water in the environment is being lost, which is so important to sustain and preserve the human civilization on the planet earth.
For the past century and a half enormous advances have taken place in science and technology to the benefit of mankind. But, these developments have also posed great problems and health hazards, threatening the existence of human life on earth.
The question of the creation of human beings is relevant, to understand the role of religion in the environment. The Holy Quran states Blessed be He, in whose hands is all sovereignty. He has power over all things. He created death and life, that He might put to test and find out, which of you acquitted himself best. He is Mighty, Forgiving one (Surah -Al-Mulk 67:1-2).
Life is thus, a brilliant demonstration of Gods wisdom and knowledge. He has shown the humans the right path, to sustain the life on this planet. There is a complete stability and unity in the laws of the universe. The entire cosmos is remarkably homogenous and in balance. Besides, the Creator, there is no one, who has power to interfere with or change this system and its laws, which are based on justice. Man being a part of the whole system must also operate justly in the sphere over which he is given control and power, otherwise, he is working against the natural laws of the Universe, as well as his own nature. The result of which can be alarming calamities and destruction, we may face in the environment. Cleanliness in Islam: Nearest to the human body is its soul, followed by the environment in which a person lives. Thus, Islam addresses itself in considerable depth to the question of cleanliness and purity of both soul and body, since it is the essence of good appearance and health.
The holy Prophet (Pbuh) has said Cleanse yourself, for Islam is cleanliness. Cleanliness invites towards faith and faith leads its possessor to the Gardens (Heavens).
Forestry and Agriculture form the backbone of human civilization. However, we find in recent times, a large scale deforestation has occurred all round the world. This has resulted in ecological imbalances in the natural resources of the environment. The Prophet (Pbuh) has said: when a Muslim plants a plant or cultivates a crop, no bird or human being eats from it without it being accounted as charity for him.
Messenger of God (Pbuh), once remarked that even if you knew that the world would end tomorrow, you should plant a tree.
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