Vatican recognises state of Palestine, Israel disappointed

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Palestinians participate in a demonstration in the West Bank city of Ramallah to commemorate the “Nakba” or “catastrophe” in Arabic, in reference to the birth of the state of Israel 67-years-ago in British-mandate Palestine. -AFP

Vatican City – The Vatican has officially recognised the state of Palestine in a new treaty.

The treaty, which was finalised on Wednesday but still has to be signed, makes clear that the Holy See has switched its diplomatic relations from the Palestine Liberation Organisation to the state of Palestine.

The Vatican had welcomed the decision by the UN General Assembly in 2012 to recognise a Palestinian state. But the treaty is the first legal document negotiated between the Holy See and the Palestinian state and constitutes an official diplomatic recognition.

“Yes, it’s a recognition that the state exists,” said the Vatican spokesman, the Rev. Federico Lombardi.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas is due to visit Pope Francis on Saturday before the canonization of two new saints from the Holy Land a day later.

The Vatican has been referring unofficially to the state of Palestine for at least a year.

During Pope Francis’ 2014 visit to the Holy Land, the Vatican’s official program referred to Abbas as the president of the “state of Palestine.” In the Vatican’s latest yearbook, the Palestinian ambassador to the Holy See is listed as representing “Palestine (state of).”

The Vatican’s foreign minister, Monsignor Antoine Camilleri, acknowledged the change in status, given that the treaty was initially inked with the PLO and is now being finalised with the “state of Palestine.” But he said the shift was simply in line with the Holy See’s position. 

In response, Israel said it is “disappointed” that the Vatican has recognised the state of Palestine in a new treaty.

In a statement, the Israeli foreign ministry said the move doesn’t help the peace process and “distances the Palestinian leadership from returning to direct and bilateral negotiations.”

It said it will study the treaty agreement and will “consider its steps accordingly.” 

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