Amnesty Int’l Urges JK to Stop Arbitrary Detentions

SRINAGAR - Amnesty International (AI) has expressed deep concern over the arbitral arrest of a 16 year-old, Danish Farooq in Jammu and Kashmir by holding that authorities are treating him as an adult rather than a child.

According to a statement, Amnesty International has called on the J&K police to end Farooq’s arbitrary and unlawful detention and either release him or produce him immediately before a magistrate.

The statement says if a court decides that he has to remain in detention, Farooq must be moved to a juvenile detention home and be granted all the safeguards and protections guaranteed to children by the CRC and for judicial proceedings to go forward in accordance with international human rights law. 

“He should also be granted, without delay, access to his family and they should be kept informed of his whereabouts and condition as well as access to a lawyer of his or his family’s choice,” the statement said.

Farooq was first arrested on 19 November under sections 152, 138, 148, and 147 of the Ranbir Penal Code (RPC). All charges relate to incidents of “stone-pelting” and after three days of arbitrary detention in police custody without any legal grounds he was produced in court which ordered his release on bail. Before any release, Farooq was re-arrested on 23 November under sections 307, 285, 336 of the RPC for “attempt to murder” for his alleged involvement in a petrol bomb attack. 

According to latest reports, he remains in police custody and it is unclear when he will appear before the local court in Srinagar. Farooq’s family has been denied the right to communicate with him or see him and is currently unaware of his condition.

 A police representative has told Farooq’s family that he will not be presented in court within the required time period set by law but will be kept in custody for two months. He has not had access to a lawyer during this time.

According to the statement, India is legally obliged under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN CRC), which it ratified in 1992 to establish laws and procedures specifically applicable to children and to define minors as all individuals younger than 18. This means that India must ensure no individual younger than 18 years of age is arrested, detained, or tried under ordinary criminal law without the safeguards meant to protect children. 

However, J&K Juvenile Justice Act, 1997, treats boys over the age of 16 as adults, in violation of the UNCRC and international human rights law. Amendments to the Juvenile Justice Act are currently being discussed by the J&K Legislative Assembly. If these amendments are successful, all children below 18 years of age will be treated as juveniles.

“Farooq is a child under an international treaty that is binding on India, so the manner of his arrest and detention must be compatible with this treaty,” the statement reads. 

Further, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which India has also ratified, prohibits the arbitrary deprivation of liberty and among other things provided that states party including India, must ensure that any person being arrested is brought promptly before a judge or other officer authorized by law to exercise judicial power. 

Amnesty International also urges the J&K authorities to halt the practice of arbitrary detentions in the state, in particular of children.

“Amnesty International reiterates its call to the J&K government to amend the Juvenile Justice Act to bring it into line with the CRC,” the statement says.

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